The Beats of Bitterns

bitternIn my PhD thesis and in the paper Detecting bird sounds in a complex acoustic environment and application to bioacoustic monitoring, I have proposed a simple yet robust algorithm for automatically detecting calls of the Eurasian bittern in the wild.

The Eurasian bittern is a threatened bird species found in reed beds and other wetland habitats. Its sound is very simple, very deep, and very characteristic. It is pretty similar to what you can produce by blowing over the opening of an empty bottle (use a large one) in regular intervals.

Recently, I have been asked whether I still have the Matlab code for the algorithm. A bit of digging on an external hard drive has shown that I indeed still have it.

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How Algebra Sheds Light on Things

causticEgbert Brieskorn‘s mathematics books contain a lot more flesh than those structured strictly by definitions, lemmas, and theorems. What might be a hindrance to those looking for a quick grasp of a theory is a treasure trove for others who relish an extra of motivation, history, and examples. Currently, I am reading his book Plane Algebraic Curves (authored together with Horst Knörrer) which, already in the introductory chapter, contains many wonderful examples such as linkages, envelopes, and the Hopf fibration. I will come back to some of these topics in later posts. Today’s post contains a quick glimpse of caustics.

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Beautiful Binomials

binomialsWhile leafing through the book Geometric Trilogy I – An Axiomatic Approach to Geometry, I came across two nice geometric depictions that are probably widely known but which I would love to have seen back in school. The first one is the geometric illustration of the algebraic fact that (a+b)^2 = a^2+2ab+b^2, the quadratic case of the binomial theorem. This can already be found in Book II of Euclid’s Elements. From this, it is easy to come up with a three dimensional version of the construction giving (a+b)^3=a^3+3a^2b+3ab^2+b^3. Creating a good picture of this is somewhat tedious so I am very glad that I can use this opportunity to link to a wonderful blog where this and other wonderful mathematical illustrations and animations can be found: Hyrodium’s Graphical MathLand.

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Permanent Determinant

permanent_graphThe determinant and the permanent of a matrix are central characters in an endeavour to bring the powerful weapons of modern geometry to a battle in the epic war of computer science: the P vs. NP problem.

JM Landsberg has recently written a wonderful introduction to geometric complexity theory which is how the corresponding research field is called. This has inspired me to borrow some of it and write about the permanent and the determinant of a matrix.

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Euler and the Kids

euler-o-ballBeing on parental leave, somewhat naturally, gave me more time to spend in the kids’ room. After a chance encounter with Mr Pythagoras there some time ago, it was now time  for a scheduled meeting with Mr Euler. The configuration in the image to this post is known to young parents as an Oball. To mathematicians, it is known as the truncated icosahedron. An interesting fact is that because it is constructed entirely from pentagons and hexagons, it has to have exactly 12 pentagons. Let’s see how Mr Euler can convince us of this necessity. Continue reading